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Kenya Demographic and Health Survey 2014 ; Kenya National Bureau of Statistics ; Ministry of Health ; National AIDS Control Council ; Kenya Medical Research Institute ; National Council for Population and Development ; The DHS Program, ICF International
Kenya is a former British colony. The independence process was met with resistance and an armed struggle by Kenyans against the British colonial rulers. The Mau Mau rebellion in the 1950s paved the way for constitutional reform and political development in the following years. The country achieved self-rule in June 1963 and gained independence on December 12, 1963. The country was a multi-party state until 1981, when it was converted to a single-party state by amending the constitution. Kenya reverted to the multi-party state in 1992. The Kenya African National Union (KANU) ruled the country from independence to 2002, when the National Alliance of Rainbow Coalition (NARC) was elected to power. To date, the multi-party state remains, with the Jubilee Coalition currently in power.