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Ministry of Health,Kenya
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an acute respiratory infection caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARSCoV-2). SARS-CoV-2 belongs to the Sarbecovirus subgenus of the Coronaviridae family, and is the seventh coronavirus known to infect humans.
Coronaviruses are a large family of enveloped RNA viruses, some of which cause illness in people (e.g., common cold, SARS, MERS), and others that circulate among mammals (e.g., bats, camels) and birds. Rarely, animal coronaviruses can spread to humans and subsequently spread between humans. Similar to SARS and MERS, it is thought that human transmission occurs via respiratory droplets produced when a person sneezes or coughs.
Current estimates of the incubation period range from 1 to 14 days, according to the World Health Organization. The average incubation period is currently estimated to be 5 days. Transmission can occur during the incubation period. The most common clinical presentation is that of a respiratory infection with a symptom severity ranging from a mild common cold-like illness (estimated 80% of cases), to a severe viral pneumonia leading to acute respiratory distress syndrome that is potentially fatal.
WHO first declared COVID-19 to be a public health emergency of international concern on 30 January 2020 and subsequently declared it a pandemic on 11 March 2020. The first confirmed case in Kenya was reported on 13th March 2020
|Document Type:||Policy Documents|
|Health Topic:||Clinical Guidelines|
|Keywords||COVID-19 , Treatment guideline, , Coronavirus, , Case management,|
|Access this Publication||Updated-Case-Management-Guidelines-26_03_20-1.pdf|