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Ministry of Health
Sanitation underpins a range of human rights and freedoms - social, economic and cultural - including the right to a clean and healthy environment, the right to the highest attainable standard of health, the right to accessible and adequate housing, food of acceptable quality, clean and safe water of adequate quantity, the right to education, the right to life, the right to equality, the right to privacy and the right to human dignity. Conversely, inadequate or poor sanitation impacts social, economic and cultural development and human rights, with grave consequences to individuals, households and the nation as a whole. Articles 43(1) (b) and 42 of the Constitution of Kenya therefore guarantee the right of every person to “reasonable standards of sanitation”; and “a clean and healthy environment” respectively. Article 46 (1) (c) provides consumers with the right to the protection of their health and safety. To fulfill these rights, Article 21 of the Constitution vests in the State the duty to undertake necessary legislative, policy and other measures including setting of standards. Further, in the context of the Constitution, the County Governments have the primary responsibility for delivery of sanitation services with related responsibilities for legislation. Article 185(2) of the Constitution thus provides that a county assembly may make any laws that are necessary for or incidental to, the effective performance of the functions and exercise of the powers of the county government under the Fourth Schedule.
|Document Type:||Policy Documents|
|Health Topic:||Health Services & Policy|
|Keywords||Sanitation , Environmental Health , bill , county|
|Access this Publication||PROTOTYPE-COUNTY-ENVIRONMENTAL-HEALTH-AND-SANITATION-BILL_1.pdf|